Buying a toilet seems like a straightforward matter. However, different types of toilets offer unique functions. You must adjust the model with your toilet habit and frequency. You may need a toilet that fits a small bathroom, or the one with the environmentally-friendly feature.
Here are various toilet types you may find when shopping around.
A. General Types of Toilets
If you are unsure of where to start, look around for toilets based on their general specifications. Here are several common types you will often see in the market.
1. Gravity-feed Toilet
Gravity-feed is the most common toilet type in the market. The toilet combines flushing mechanism, trap way, and gravity to push the waste. This type of toilet is cheap and easy to maintain or replace.
2. Pressure-powered Toilet
The pressure-powered toilet is one of the best rated toilets for large families. It has a pressure system inside the tank that flushes the waste with more power. The action makes this toilet noisier than gravity-feed one.
3. Dual-flush Toilet
Dual-flush combines pressure and gravity to create two flushing options in one toilet. One uses gravity and a small amount of water, while the other uses more powerful flushing action with pressure power. This technology makes the toilet more environmentally-friendly since you can use less water for liquid waste.
B. Toilet Types Based on Flushing Mode
Flushing is the main practical function of a toilet, so you should choose the most suitable one. Here are several types of toilet flush you can find at the market.
1. Single Flush
Single flush is the most common setting. Every time you flush, it delivers the same amount of water and pressure. This is the most common flush setting in personal and public bathrooms. Single flush toilets are also the cheapest, although they don’t give many options for specific purposes.
2. Double Flush
Unlike the dual flush toilets, double flush uses a valve instead of a button. The valve has two mechanical settings activated by pressing it. Light pressing is for liquid waste, while deep pressing flushes the solid one.
3. Automatic Flush
Also known as a touchless flush toilet, the automatic flush uses sensor technology. After using the toilet, you just need to hover your hand above the sensor, and the toilet will flush automatically. This toilet is perfect for a public bathroom because it limits the spread of germs.
C. Toilet Types Based on Overall Styles
Modern toilet design comes in various shapes. Here are several options based on the general construction styles.
1. One Piece
One-piece model means the toilet is made of one material. The whole bulk is seamless, consisting of all the important features such as the valve, bowl, tank, and trap way. This model is cheap and easy to clean. However, once a part is broken, the whole toilet must be replaced,
2. Two Piece
Two-piece is one of the most common toilet shapes. While it is more difficult to install, it has more longevity than a one-piece model. The two-piece toilet is more difficult to clean. However, when a part is broken, you can just replace that part instead of removing the entire toilet.
A wall-mounted toilet is a modern option that is more common in a commercial building. The wall-mounted model consists of a “floating” bowl and tank. The tank may be located on a different spot, but still connected to the bowl and trap way inside the wall. This model saves space and looks very contemporary.
D. Toilet Seat Types
Toilet seats are discussed separately because they are purchased separately. There are several toilet seat types with unique functions (aside from preventing germs from floating around).
1. Open Front Style
The open front is the most common style at homes and public buildings. The open front part helps to reduce the possibility of germ-spreading to genitalia. The open front is also an ideal design to reduce urine drips.
2. Circular Style
Circular seat is another common type. The simple structure makes it very cheap, perfect to reduce cost when building a home. Circular seat is ideal if the bathroom is not frequently used.
3. Elongated Style
The elongated toilet seat is an extended version of the open front style. The standard length (from the back bolt to the front part) is between 18 and 20 inches. Elongated style helps toilet user keeping the genital area clean.
4. Raised Style
The raised toilet seat is specifically made to help people with arthritis or knee problems. The raised model reduces the effort they need to stand up after using the toilet.
5. Padded/Heated Seat
Padded or heated toilet seats are created to provide additional comfort during winter. These seats usually consist of separate features, which can be installed and removed anytime.
E. Special Toilet Features
Aside from toilets with typical functions, there are several special features that fulfill specific functions.
A bidet is a plumbing construction that looks like a toilet, but shorter. It is used to clean the genital area with water spray after using the toilet. It is built next to the toilet, and popular in many Asian and European countries.
The urinal is a plumbing fixture for male urination. It may be located next to an actual toilet, or in a separate location in the male bathroom. The urinal is usually available in a public setting, although some houses may have it next to the toilet.
3. Smart Toilet
Smart toilets now come with various features to provide bathroom comfort. Many of them have automatic flushing function, eco-friendly feature (such as limiting the amount of water flushing), and built-in bidet. In four-season countries, smart toilets often come with built-in seat warmer.
4. Toilet for Wheelchair Users
Toilet for wheelchair users usually has a lower height for easier access. The toilet has bars that the user can use to grab and maneuver. The toilet shape is usually sleeker, with concealed features to clear some room around it. Some special toilets have an adjustable height feature for disabled users.
This toilet buying guide will give you an illustration of what kind of toilet you will need. It will help to decide the best toilet type to buy.
Buying a toilet is a serious matter. Different types of toilet offer unique functions and characteristics. Consider the numbers of users, the frequency of using, and the special features you need before buying a toilet.