Termites, whose habitat is soil, have a positive effect on nature. Alongside ants and earthworms, they have a big significance in the cycle of soil structures.
Since termites are food for some predatory animals, their role in food chains is high.
About 10% of termite species are pests in the human economy. Penetrating into homes, termites destroy paper, wood, as well as all household items containing cellulose.
Sometimes this leads to disastrous consequences. In the countries of the tropical zone, precautions are taken to prevent the penetration of these insects into the home.
In such countries, due to the invasion of pests, it is sometimes necessary to move entire settlements to another place.
The most difficult thing in the fight against termites is to detect their appearance. And this is not so easy to do. The fact is that they gnaw out only the inner contents, leaving the outer shell intact.
They can cope not only with wood, but even with metal. However, our team will help you in identifying these insects.
Find out the conditions of inspection of your house here: termite inspection costs and you will be pleasantly surprised.
Free your home and your life from harmful cohabitation and create comfortable living conditions for yourself, in which there will be no place for annoying and unpleasant termites. Our company will help you with this.
1. Why do termites destroy houses?
Сellulose is the food of termites. The main storage of this material is wood. Since the houses are already being built from recycled wood, this is a great treat for these insects.
And the fact that they are interested not in the tree itself, but only in cellulose is evidenced by the dust left by them. If termites are parasitic, then everything that contains this compound is at risk.
In addition to wood, it can be:
- Cotton and all products made from it
- Paper Wallpaper
- Some pills
- Construction insulation based on paper
- Cellophane film.
2. Where do termites live?
They are distributed in large numbers in South America, where more than 400 species are known. Of the currently available 3000 species of termites, 1000 inhabit in Africa.
Due to their soft cuticles, termites do not live in cool or cold habitats.
It can be quite difficult to see termites, since they move around in the dark and do not like light. These insects move along the passages that they themselves have built in wood or earth.
Termites live in nests that can be divided into three main categories: underground (completely underground), above ground (protruding above the soil surface) and mixed (built on a tree, but always connected to the ground through shelters).
The nest has several functions, such as protecting the living space and hiding from predators. Primitive termites usually nest in wooden structures, such as logs, stumps and dead parts of trees.
Termites also build mounds, sometimes reaching a height of 2.5-3 m. The mound provides termites with the same protection as the nest, but much more powerful.
3. Methods of combating termites
Since it is sometimes quite difficult to get rid of termites on their own, many people prefer to immediately seek help from special services, whose employees have many years of experience in combating various woodworms.
But if there are not many insects and you are completely confident in your abilities, then we suggest that you pay attention to methods and means that in most cases bring a positive result.
If you have found insect habitats, try to get rid of these objects or a tree. It is best to take them away into the forest, where insects will benefit. A termite mound itself and its live individuals can be sprayed with a soap solution. It is better to use household soap.
If possible, periodically take out all the furniture in the sun or frost. Cold and light have a disastrous effect on insects.
On the street, for example, in the garden, you can use ants as natural enemies. If you manage to find a termite mound, make it so that light falls into it.
Modern means of pest control are very diverse. Among them are poisons, powders, liquids and baits. Boric acid has proven itself well. But be careful and carefully follow the instructions.
During the treatments, observe safety measures for yourself, other residents and animals.
If you decide to destroy termites on your own, then remember that the fight should be complex in nature – using several different means and methods.